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ABP Property

Our property division brings together an unrivalled land bank spanning 21 multi-modal locations around the country, with 960 hectares of port-based development land.

ABPmer

Drawing on 60 years of experience, ABP Marine Environmental Research (ABPmer) provides specialist marine environmental research and consultancy services.

UK Dredging

UK Dredging (UKD) operates the largest British-owned dredging fleet and specialises in the provision of reliable and cost effective port maintenance dredging services.

What will change at the end of the transition period?

The UK left the European Union on 31 January 2020 and entered an agreed transition period during which effective membership of the Single Market and Customer Union was maintained – this period will end at 11pm on 31 December 2020. Border controls for goods passing to and from the European Union (EU) will be introduced at the beginning of 2021.

Detailed descriptions of all underlined key terms can be found in the glossary at the bottom of this page.

The Government has published ‘The Border with the European Union: Importing and Exporting Goods’ (the Border Operating Model) setting out in detail how these arrangements will be implemented.

These controls will be introduced in 3 phases:

  • 1 January 2021

    Importers of non-controlled goods, that are not moving under the Common Transit Convention (CTC or Transit), should be able to defer payment and declarations for 6 months. This is called delayed declaration. You should check pages 32-34 of the Border Operating Model to confirm whether you qualify. If you do not qualify, you must submit full customs declarations for your goods when they arrive in the UK.

    Importers of controlled goods will need to submit full customs declarations. There will be physical checks at the point of destination or other approved premises on selected cargoes.

    All exports will be subject to full customs control and must be customs cleared before they are exported.

    All goods (imports and exports) moving under Transit, a customs procedure that allows goods to move between the EU and CTC countries with duty only being paid in the country of final destination, must have permission from the local Transit Office before they continue their journey. You should check pages 37-40 of the Border Operating Model if you use or wish to use Transit.
  • 1 April 2021

    Health checks will be extended to all products of animal origin (POAO) and regulated plants and plant products, which will require declarations but will not be subject to physical checks at the border.
  • 1 July 2021

    From July all goods will require customs declarations at the point of import and will be subject to the relevant tariffs; Sanitary and Phytosanitary (SPS) checks will take place at designated Border Control Posts (BCPs).

ABP is working closely with government departments, local authorities, agencies and industry to prepare for the changes in trading arrangements when the UK leaves the transition period with the EU at the end of the year. ABP holds Authorised Economic Operator (AEO) status. ABP’s container terminals on the Humber are already inventory linked and ABP’s other operational facilities will be inventory linked by July next year.  ABP is also working with the Government to deliver new Border Control Posts (BCPs) in key locations to support the work of border agencies from the beginning of July next year.

The process for importing goods from the EU will change. Businesses in England, Wales and Scotland need to complete a number of actions to continue importing from EU countries after the end of the transition period.

From 1 January 2021, you'll need to make customs declarations when you import goods from the EU, and the rules for importing some types of goods will change. You will also need to register for an EORI number.

You should read the Border Operating Model for details of these processes. The UK Government website also provides some step-by-step guides to completing the necessary actions.

Further information on customs declarations for imports can be found here.

From 1 July 2021 goods imported from the EU will be subject to standard customs control. There are two main customs processes that can be used to import goods. These may vary between locations. ABP ports will offer both options.

Border locations can either use the temporary storage model or the newly developed pre-lodgement model, which is supported by a new IT platform called the Goods Vehicle Movement Service (GVMS)

Further information can be found on pages 105-109 of the Border Operating Model.

The process for exporting goods to the EU will change. Businesses in England, Wales and Scotland need to complete a number of actions to continue exporting to EU countries after the end of the transition period.

From 1 January 2021, you'll need to make customs declarations when you export goods to the EU, and the rules for exporting some types of goods will change. You will also need an EORI number.

You should read the Border Operating Model for details of these processes. The UK Government website also provides some step-by-step guides to completing the necessary actions.

Further information on customs declarations for exports can be found here.

The Northern Ireland Protocol to the Withdrawal Agreement was designed as a practical solution to avoid a hard border on the island of Ireland, whilst ensuring that the UK, including Northern Ireland, could leave the EU as a whole.

The Co-Chairs of the Withdrawal Agreement Joint Committee have reached an agreement in principle to address the outstanding issues related to the implementation of the Withdrawal Agreement, in particular the Northern Ireland Protocol.

The Northern Ireland Protocol Command Paper outlines further details on the agreement in principle; as well as further information on the UK Government’s work to implement the Protocol and support businesses as it comes into force.

The Government has launched the free-to-use Trader Support Service which will help businesses and traders prepare for the changes that will affect your business if you move goods into and out of Northern Ireland. Register for the Trader Support Service.

The Government has published guidance for hauliers and commercial drivers who move goods between Great Britain (England, Scotland and Wales) and the European Union (EU). It tells you what you will need to do from 1 January 2021, including what documents you will need and what new border control processes you will need to follow.

The UK Government website provides details of the necessary steps for transporting goods from the UK to the EU here

Further guidance for hauliers and commercial drivers is available here.

Travel to the EU, Switzerland, Norway, Iceland or Liechtenstein will change from 1 January 2021.

Things you may need to do before you go include:

  • check your passport
  • get travel insurance that covers your healthcare
  • check you have the right driving documents
  • organise pet travel - contact your vet at least 4 months before you go.

More information is available on the Government website here.

The UK will become a party to the Common Transit Convention (CTC or “Transit”) in its own right on 1 January 2021. Common Transit is a customs procedure that allows goods to move between the EU and CTC countries with duty only being paid in the country of final destination. CTC countries are Switzerland, Norway, Iceland, Lichtenstein, Turkey, Macedonia and Serbia, as well as the EU.

More information is available on the Government website here.

Most ABP ports are registered to handle cargoes transiting under CTC. If you are interested in moving cargo under CTC please contact your normal ABP point of contact for commercial matters before shipping.

Customs movements that start ahead of the end of the transition period will continue under the rules in place when the movement started, provided the goods being moved have Union status.

Goods have Union status if they’re in free circulation in the EU, having either originated in the EU or having been imported from outside the EU and released for free circulation.

Goods start their movement when either:

  • you, or another person on your behalf, collect the goods in order to bring them to:
    • Great Britain from the EU or from Northern Ireland
    • Northern Ireland from Great Britain
  • you despatch the goods to:
    • Great Britain from the EU or from Northern Ireland
    • Northern Ireland from Great Britain

If you’re carrying goods in accompanied baggage, the movement starts when the aircraft, train or vessel on which you are bringing the goods to Great Britain from the EU or from Northern Ireland, or to Northern Ireland from Great Britain, is scheduled to depart.

If you’re moving goods between non-EU countries and the UK at the end of the transition period, from 1 January 2021, the UK will apply a UK-specific tariff to imported goods. This UK Global Tariff will apply for import declarations that are accepted after 11pm on 31 December 2020.

Further guidance about ongoing customs movements and procedures at the end of the transition period is available here.

The UK Government has set up an online forum designed to help businesses and traders find answers to questions regarding the end of the transition period. You can access the list of questions and answers and interact with the community by registering on the forum homepage.

Glossary

Authorised Economic Operator (AEO) - An internationally recognised quality mark that provides quicker access to some simplified customs procedures and, in some cases, the right to fast-track shipments through some customs and safety and security procedures.

Border Control Posts (BCPs) – From July 2021, infrastructure will be needed to meet the further requirements of full border controls on EU goods, including customs compliance checks and SPS checks which will need to be carried out at BCPs. Much of this infrastructure will be located at ports and border locations but where this is demonstrated not to be possible, HMG will provide inland facilities.

Common Transit Convention (CTC) - Used for moving goods between the EU member states, the EFTA countries (Iceland, Norway, Liechtenstein and Switzerland) as well as Turkey, Macedonia and Serbia. The UK is set to remain in the Common Transit Convention (CTC) after Brexit, ensuring simplified cross-border trade for UK businesses exporting their goods.

Controlled goods - From 1 January, traders moving controlled goods must submit a full customs declaration (or use Simplified Customs Declaration procedures if they are authorised to do so); they must use the customs process currently applicable at the location that they are using to move their goods, and ensure that any specific licencing requirements are fulfilled.

EORI number - An Economic Operators Registration and Identification (EORI) number is required for all businesses moving goods into or out of the UK. You can find further information and register for an EORI number here.

Goods Vehicle Movement System (GVMS) - An IT platform which supports the pre-lodgement model. The GVMS will allow: declaration references to be linked together so that the person moving the goods (e.g. a haulier) only has to present one single reference (Goods Movement Reference or GMR) at the frontier; the linking of the movement of the goods to declarations, enabling the automatic arrival in HMRC systems as soon as goods board vessels so that declarations can be processed en route and notification of the risking outcome of declarations in HMRC systems can be sent to the person in control of the goods by the time they physically arrive in UK ports.

Pre-lodgement - An alternative for ports that may not have the space and infrastructure to operate temporary storage. Border locations receiving goods that are moving into the UK from the EU will be able to choose to use a pre-lodgement model, where goods arriving will be required to have submitted a customs declaration in advance of boarding on the EU side. HMRC is developing a new IT platform to support the pre-lodgement model. However, its use will not be mandatory and the choice between using a Temporary Storage and a pre-lodgement model will be a commercial decision for operators.

Sanitary and phytosanitary (SPS) - Measures to protect humans, animals, and plants from diseases, pests, or contaminants. There is a detailed set of rules to reduce or eliminate the possible risks of animal, plant and public health threats as well as animal and plant diseases being introduced into country by imported goods, available here.

Temporary storage – When goods imported from outside the UK are temporarily stored under customs control before they are placed under a special procedure, released to free circulation or exported outside the UK.

Disclaimer: Every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy of the information contained on this web page. ABP cannot be held responsible for any errors or omissions.